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NSU Photo Gallery - General Stand Watie

Images and cutlines provided by Dr. Brad Agnew

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Block of Civil War Stamps- - - - - - - -
Block of Civil War Stamps
Issued by the U.S. Post Office in 1995 honoring sixteen individuals who distinguished themselves in the Civil War. Stand Watie was chosen for inclusion in the group.

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T.L. Ballenger- - - - - - - -
T.L. Ballenger Northeastern history professor who obtained a copy of the Stand Watie treaty ending the Civil War, which he donated to Northeastern.


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Colonel William Phillips- - - - - - - -
Colonel William Phillips Union officer who led Indians loyal to the North against Stand Watie throughout much of the Civil War.

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Asa C. Matthews- - - - - - - -
Asa C. Matthews Union lieutenant colonel who negotiated the treaty of June 23, 1865, with Stand Watie formally ending hostilities in the Civil War.


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Battle of Pea Ridge- - - - - - - -
Battle of Pea Ridge Colonel Watie's regiment participated in the March 1862 battle with distinction in a losing cause.

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Stand Watie- - - - - - - -
Stand Watie Photography of Stand Watie in civilian clothes, showing signs of the stress from his long feud with Cherokee Chief John Ross and four years of constant action in the Civil War.


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Opothleyahola- - - - - - - -
Opothleyahola Creek leader whose desire to remain neutral in the Civil War led to the first military action in Indian Territory. Colonel Stand Watie's regiment participated in the final engagement of the campaign, pursuing fleeing Indians into Kansas.

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Relics headlin- - - - - - - -
Relics headline Headline from a January 3, 1921, Morning Tulsa Daily World that announced that S.R. Lewis, a Tulsa attorney, possessed Stand Watie documents, including the treaty signed by the Cherokee general ending the Civil War.


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Major General Francis Herron- - - - - - - -
Major General Francis Herron Union Major General who appointed commissioners who negotiated the treaty Stand Watie signed on June 23, 1865, ending hostilities between troops under his command and the forces of the United States.

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Stephen R. Lewis- - - - - - - -
Stephen R. Lewis Prominent Tulsa attorney and member of the United Sons of Confederate Veterans who acquired a copy of the treaty Stand Watie signed ending the Civil War.


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Stand Watie- - - - - - - -
Stand Watie head of the Treaty Party of the Cherokee Nation after the death of Major Ridge, John Ridge, and Elias Boudinot. He was elected chief of the Cherokees after John Ross left Indian Territory in 1862 and distinguished himself in the service of the Confederacy in military action throughout the Civil War.

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Chief John Ross- - - - - - - -
Chief John Ross foe of Stand Watie from the signing of the Treaty of New Echota in 1835 until Ross's death in 1866.


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Elias Boudinot, John Ridge, Major Ridge- - - - - - - -
Elias Boudinot, John Ridge, Major Ridge Three members of the Treaty Party killed on June 22, 1839, by John Ross supporters for their role in negotiation the removal Treaty of New Echota and opposing Ross's plan to form a unified Cherokee government in Indian Territory under his leadership.

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Stand Watie- - - - - - - -
Stand Watie The bronze, bas-relief image of Cherokee General Stand Watie mounted on a slab of Georgia granite from the Confederate leader's home state was donated by Oklahoma members of the United Daughters of the Confederacy and dedicated June 6, 1921, on the grounds of Tahlequah's Cherokee Square.