The following policy and procedures are written for students. There are slight differences between the student policies and procedures and employee policies and procedures due to influencing variables related to employment laws and regulations.
Northeastern State University (NSU) does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, sex, national or ethnic origin, religion, sex, disability, age, veteran status, or sexual orientation in its programs and activities. These protections extend to employment with and admission to NSU, as well as, participant in university sponsored programs. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding the non-discrimination policies:
Title IX Coordinator
Laura Boren, Ph.D.
Vice President for Student Affairs
Administration Building, 209
601 N. Grand Avenue
Tahlequah, OK 74464
NSU is committed to providing learning, working, and living environment that promotes personal integrity, civility, and mutual respect in an environment free of discrimination on the basis of sex, which includes all forms of sexual misconduct. Sex discrimination violates an individual’s fundamental rights and personal dignity. NSU considers sex discrimination in all its forms to be a serious offense. This policy refers to all forms of sex discrimination committed against members of the NSU community, including but not limited to: sexual misconduct that includes harassment, consensual, exploitation and violence; unfair treatment based on sex; and, other misconduct offenses when gender-based.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination based on sex in educational programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. To ensure compliance with Title IX and other federal and state civil rights laws, NSU has developed policies and procedures that address prohibit sex discrimination in all of its forms.
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Members of the NSU community, guests and visitors have the right to be free from gender-based discrimination, sexual misconduct, and violence. All members of the campus community are expected to conduct themselves in a manner that does not infringe upon the rights of others. NSU believes in a zero tolerance policy for gender-based misconduct. When an allegation of misconduct is brought to an appropriate employee(s) attention, and a respondent is found to have violated this policy, serious sanctions will be used to reasonably ensure that such actions are never repeated. This policy has been developed to reaffirm these principles and to provide recourse for those individuals whose rights have been violated. This policy is intended to define community expectations and to establish a mechanism for determining when those expectations have been violated.
NSU students, employees, guests and visitors are to conduct themselves in a manner that does not impose on the rights of others and does not discriminate as outlined in NSU Statement on Non Discrimination.
The expectations of our community regarding sexual misconduct can be summarized as follows: In order for individuals to engage in sexual activity of any type with each other, there must be clear, knowing and voluntary consent prior to and during sexual activity. Consent is sexual permission. Consent can be given by word or action, but non-verbal consent is not as clear as talking about what you want sexually and what you don’t. Consent to some form of sexual activity cannot be automatically taken as consent to any other form of sexual activity. Silence--without actions demonstrating permission--cannot be assumed to show consent.
Additionally, there is a difference between seduction and coercion. Coercing someone into sexual activity violates this policy in the same way as physically forcing someone into sex. Coercion happens when someone is pressured unreasonably for sex.
Because alcohol or other drug use can place the capacity to consent in question, sober sex is less likely to raise such questions. When alcohol or other drugs are being used, a person will be considered unable to give valid consent if they cannot fully understand the details of a sexual interaction (who, what, when, where, why, or how) because they lack the capacity to reasonably understand the situation. Individuals who consent to sex must be able to understand what they are doing. Under this policy, “No” always means “No,” and “Yes” may not always mean “Yes.” Anything but a clear, knowing and voluntary consent to any sexual activity is equivalent to a “no.”
Sexual Misconduct Offenses Include, but are not Limited to:
Sexual Harassment is
Examples include: an attempt to coerce an unwilling person into a sexual relationship; to repeatedly subject a person to egregious, unwelcome sexual attention; to punish a refusal to comply with a sexual based request; to condition a benefit on submitting to sexual advances; sexual violence; intimate partner violence, stalking; gender-based bullying.
Non-Consensual Sexual Contact is
Sexual Contact includes:
Intentional contact with the breasts, buttock, groin, or genitals, or touching another with any of these body parts, or making another touch you or themselves with or on any of these body parts; any intentional bodily contact in a sexual manner, though not involving contact with/of/by breasts, buttocks, groin, genitals, mouth or other orifice.
Non-Sexual Intercourse is
Vaginal penetration by a penis, object, tongue or finger, anal penetration by a penis, object, tongue, or finger, and oral copulation (mouth to genital contact or genital to mouth contact), no matter how slight the penetration or contact.
Occurs when a student takes non-consensual or abusive sexual advantage of another for his/her own advantage or benefit, or to benefit or advantage anyone other than the one being exploited, and that behavior does not otherwise constitute one of other sexual misconduct offenses. Examples of sexual exploitation include, but are not limited to:
NOTE: There is no requirement that a party resists the sexual advance or request, but resistance is a clear demonstration of non-consent. The presence of force is not demonstrated by the absence of resistance. Sexual activity that is forced is by definition non-consensual, but non-consensual sexual activity is not by definition forced.
*The student conduct officer reserves the right to broaden or lessen any range of recommended sanctions in the case of serious mitigating circumstances or egregiously offensive behavior. Neither the initial student conduct conference officers nor any appeals body or officer will deviate from the range of recommended sanctions unless compelling justification exists to do so.
NSU encourages students who have experienced any form of gender-based discrimination and/or sexual misconduct to report the incident promptly, to seek all available assistance, to pursue Student Conduct Code charges, and where appropriate, pursue criminal prosecution of the offender. NSU takes complaints very seriously and will work with complaining parties to ensure their safety and to remedy the situation.
NSU encourages those who have experienced sex discrimination to report these offenses to the Title IX Coordinator. Sexual misconduct offenses may also be reported to the NSU Police Department.
Title IX Coordinator
Laura Boren, Ph.D.
Vice President for Student Affairs
Student Affairs Administrative Office
Administration Building, Office 209
Administration Building, Office 211
Administration Building, Office 115
Northeastern State University Police Department
On-campus ext. 2468
Off-campus 918.458.2111 or 918.444.2468
830 North Grand Avenue
Tahlequah, OK 74464
On-campus ext. 6248
3100 E. New Orleans St., BA-BT 101
Broken Arrow, OK 74014
On-campus ext. 5010
2400 W. Shawnee, Admin. Bldg.
Muskogee, OK 74401
In case of emergency, call 911.
Tell a trusted person about the incident. Depending on the nature of the offense, you may contact the:
Northeastern State University Police Department at 918.458.2111 or 918.444.2468
Title IX Coordinator at 918.444.2120
Local Police at 911
Or, go directly to local hospital
Other helpful resources include:
Hawk Reach Student Services at 918.444.2042
NSU Violence Outreach and Prevention at 918.444.2042
NSU Behavior Intervention Team at 918.444.2120
In the event that sexual assault or violence occurred, do everything possible to preserve evidence by making certain that the crime scene is not disturbed. (The decision to press charges does not have to be made at this time. However, following these procedures will help preserve this option for the future.) Complaining parties should not bathe, urinate, douche, brush teeth, or drink liquids. Clothes should not be changed; but if they are, bring all the original clothing to the hospital in a paper bag, as plastic bags may damage the evidence.
When necessary, seek immediate medical attention at an area hospital and take a full change of clothing, including shoes, for use after the medical examination.
In student conduct conferences, legal terms like “guilt, “innocence” and “burdens of proof” are not applicable but NSU never assumes a student is in violation of NSU policy. All student conduct conferences are conducted to take into account the totality of all evidence available, from all relevant sources.
NSU reserves the right to take whatever measures it deems necessary, to the extent allowed by state and federal laws, in response to an allegation of sexual misconduct in order to protect students’ rights and personal safety. Such measures include, but are not limited to, modification of living arrangements, interim suspension from campus pending a conduct conference, and reporting the matter to the local police. Not all forms of sexual misconduct will be deemed to be equally serious offenses, and NSU reserves the right to impose different sanctions, ranging from written warning to expulsion, depending on the severity of the offense. NSU will consider the concerns and rights of both the complainant and the person accused of sexual misconduct.
All incidents of sex discrimination, including sexual misconduct or retaliation, should be reported to the Title IX Coordinator. The Title IX Coordinator will provide for the adequate, reliable, and impartial investigations on all complaints.
Once a complaint of sex discrimination is made, an investigation of the report shall be pursued within seven calendar days.
To ensure a prompt and thorough investigation, the complainant should provide as much of the following information as possible:
The name, department, and/or position of the person or persons allegedly causing the sex discrimination (which includes: sexual misconduct, sexual violence, and harassment) or retaliation;
A description of the incident(s), including the date(s), location(s), and the presence of any witnesses;
The names of other students or employees who might have been subject to the same or similar sex discrimination or retaliation;
Any steps the complainant has taken to try to stop the sex discrimination or retaliation; and
Any other information the complainant believes to be relevant to the sex discrimination, harassment, or retaliation. Individuals are encouraged to utilize the university’s “Complaint Form” available online.
An investigation into the report shall be conducted. The Title IX Coordinator will assign investigators. All investigations will be conducted by at least two investigators who have received appropriate training approved by the Title IX Coordinator. This may include but is not limited to the Title IX Coordinator, other appropriate NSU administration, etc. The investigation shall be concluded as quickly as possible, typically within seven calendar days or within a reasonable amount of time required to complete the investigation. The investigation will be conducted in a manner so that it is adequate, reliable and impartial.
The investigation may include any of the following: interviews of the parties involved, including witnesses, and the gathering of other relevant information.
Parties to the complaint may present witnesses and other evidence. At any time during the investigation, the investigators may recommend that interim protections or remedies for the parties involved or witnesses be provided by appropriate NSU officials. These protections or remedies may include separating the parties, placing limitations on contact between the parties, temporary suspension, or making alternative, classroom, workplace or student housing arrangements. Failure to comply with the terms of interim protections may be considered a separate violation(s) of the Student Conduct Code.
Once the investigation is concluded, a written investigative report shall be submitted to the Title IX Coordinator within three (3) days. The investigation report is a written report describing the factual findings gathered from the investigation with description of all the interviews and any other documents reviewed. The Title IX Coordinator will determine whether further action is needed pursuant to NSU policy and/or state or federal law, and respond accordingly. If further action is deemed necessary informal resolution process or disciplinary procedures will be initiated.
NSU shall take reasonable steps to prevent the recurrence of sex discrimination or retaliation in any form. If the reoccurrence takes place, those responsible for such behavior may be subject to disciplinary action under the Student Conduct Code or Employee Handbook if the person is an employee or third party.
NSU will take all necessary steps to remedy the discriminatory effects on the victim(s) and others. Examples of such remedies may include: order of no contact, residence hall relocation, classroom re-assignment, or other appropriate remedies.
This policy applies to any allegation of sex discrimination against members of the NSU community on NSU property, in NSU programs, on land NSU leases or controls, or at events NSU sponsors. NSU may address off-campus or out-of-school harassment, including but not limited to public forums (Internet speech, Facebook, etc.), only when those off-campus or out-of-school acts have a demonstrable and significant on-campus or in-school disruptive impact.
Those who have experienced sex discrimination should know that all NSU employees (i.e. Resident Assistants, University Police, faculty, staff members, etc.) must report incident to NSU officials, specifically Title IX Coordinator or NSU Police Department.
If you would like to report an incident or speak to someone about something that happened and you desire that details of the incident be kept confidential, you should speak with staff members of the Hawk Reach Student Services, and/or off-campus rape crisis resources, who will maintain confidentiality. NSU counselors are available to help you free of charge, and can be seen on an emergency basis.
All inquiries, complaints, and investigations are treated with discretion. Information is revealed as law and policy permit. However, the identity of the complainant is usually revealed to the person(s) accused of such conduct and any witnesses with consent of the complainant. Publicizing information about alleged sex discrimination or retaliation is strictly prohibited and may be considered a violation of NSU policy and Student Conduct Code.
The Title IX Coordinator shall maintain all information in secure files pertaining to a complaint or investigation.
Certain campus officials (campus security officials) have a duty to report violations of this policy for federal statistical reporting purposes. All personally identifiable information is kept private, but statistical information must be passed along to campus law enforcement regarding the type of incident and its general location (on or off-campus, in the surrounding area, but no addresses are given), for publication in the annual Campus Security Report. This report helps to provide the community with a clear picture of the extent and nature of campus crime, to ensure greater community safety.
Victims of sex discrimination should also be aware that NSU administrators must issue timely warnings for certain types of incidents reported to them that pose a substantial threat of bodily harm or danger to members of the campus community under Federal “Clery” law. NSU will make every effort to ensure that a victim’s name and other identifying information is not disclosed, while still providing enough information for community members to make safety decisions in light of the danger.
NSU will implement appropriate interim steps during the law enforcement agency’s investigation period to provide for the safety of the victim(s) and the campus community and the avoidance of retaliation.
As necessary, NSU reserves the right to initiate a student conduct complaint, to serve as complainant, and to initiate conduct proceedings without a formal complaint by the victim or complainant.
The welfare of students in our community is of paramount importance. At times, students on and off-campus may need assistance. NSU encourages students to offer help and assistance to others in need. Sometimes, students are hesitant to offer assistance to others, for fear that they may get themselves in trouble (for example, as student who has been drinking underage might hesitate to help take a victim of sexual misconduct to NSU Police). NSU pursues a policy of limited immunity for students who offer help to others in need. While Student Conduct Code violations cannot be overlooked, NSU will take into consideration the positive actions of those who offer their assistance to others in need.
NSU reserves the right to notify parents/guardians of dependent students regarding any health or safety emergency, change in student status or conduct situation, particularly alcohol and other drug violations. NSU may also notify parents/guardians of non-dependent students who are under age 21 of alcohol and/or drug policy violations. Where a student is not-dependent, NSU will contact parents/guardians to inform them of situations in which there is a health and/or safety risk. NSU also reserves the right to designate which NSU officials have a need to know about individual conduct complaints pursuant to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.
The outcome of a Title IX investigation involving students is part of the education record of the student parties involved, and is protected from release under a federal law, FERPA. However, NSU observes the legal exceptions that allow for notification of the parties involved and others whom NSU determines to inform based on the law and this policy.
Students who bring any sort of sex discrimination complaint against faculty or staff may be informed of the outcome of the investigation and the resolution.
NSU may release publicly the name, nature of the violation and the sanction for any student who is found in violation of NSU policy that is a “crime of violence,” including: arson, burglary, robbery, criminal homicide, sex offenses, assault, destruction/damage/vandalism of property and kidnapping/abduction. The will release this information to the complainant in any of these offenses regardless of the outcome.
Risk reduction tips can often take a victim-blaming tone, even unintentionally. With no intention to victim-blame, and with recognition that only those who commit sexual violence are responsible for those actions, these suggestions may nevertheless help you to reduce your risk experiencing a non-consensual sexual act. Below, suggestions to avoid committing a non-consensual sexual act are also offered:
If you find yourself in the position of being the initiator of sexual behavior, you owe sexual respect to your potential partner. These suggestions may help you to reduce your risk for being accused of sexual misconduct:
Here are some of the most commonly asked questions regarding Northeastern State University’s sexual misconduct policy and procedures.
The privacy of all parties to a complaint of sexual misconduct must be respected, except insofar as it interferes with the NSU’s obligation to fully investigate allegations of sexual misconduct. Where privacy it not strictly kept, it will still be tightly controlled on a need-to-know basis. Dissemination of information and/or written materials to persons not involved in the complaint procedure is not permitted. Violations of the privacy of the complainant or the accused student may lead to conduct action by NSU.
In all complaints of sexual misconduct, all parties will be informed of the outcome. In some instances, the administration also may choose to make a brief public announcement of the nature of the violation and the action taken, without using the name or identifiable information of the alleged victim. Certain university administrators are informed of the outcome within the bounds of student privacy (e.g., the President of Northeastern State University, Vice President of Student Affairs, Director of Public Safety, etc.). If there is a report of an act of alleged sexual misconduct and there is evidence that a felony has occurred, local police will be notified. This does not mean charges will be automatically filed or that a victim must speak with the police, but NSU is legally required to notify law enforcement authorities. NSU also must statistically report the occurrence on campus of major violent crimes, including certain sex offenses, in an annual report of campus crime statistics. This statistical report does not include personally identifiable information.
No, not unless you tell them. Whether you are the complainant or the accused student, NSU’s primary relationship is to the student and not to the parent. However, in the event of major medical, disciplinary, or academic jeopardy, students are strongly encouraged to inform their parents. NSU officials will directly inform parents when requested to do so by a student, in a life-threatening situation, [or if an accused student has signed the permission form at registration which allows such communication].
Yes, if you file a formal complaint. Sexual misconduct is a serious offense and the accused student has the right to know the identity of the complainant/alleged victim. If there is a hearing, NSU does provide options for questioning without confrontation, including closed-circuit testimony, Skype, using a room divider or using separate hearing rooms.
Yes, if you want formal disciplinary action to be taken against the alleged perpetrator. No, if you choose to respond informally and do not file a formal complaint (but you should consult the complete confidentiality policy above to better understand NSU’s legal obligations depending on what information you share with different university officials). Victims should be aware that not identifying the perpetrator may limit the institution’s ability to respond comprehensively.
DO NOT contact the alleged victim. You may immediately want to contact someone in the campus community who can act as your advisor. You may also contact the the Student Affairs Administrative Office, which can explain NSU’s procedures for addressing sexual misconduct complaints. You may also want to talk to a confidential counselor through NSU’s Hawk Reach Counseling Services or seek other community assistance. See below regarding legal representation.
Not typically, if NSU provides these services already. If a victim is accessing community and non-institutional services, payment for these will be subject to state/local laws, insurance requirements, etc. [In this state, victims may be ineligible for state-based assistance if they were engaged in any illegal activity during the assault or if they fail to cooperate with criminal prosecution].
Victims of criminal sexual assault need not retain a private attorney to pursue prosecution because representation will be handled by the District Attorney’s office. You may want to retain an attorney if you are the accused student or are considering filing a civil action. The accused student may retain counsel at their own expense if they determine that they need legal advice about criminal prosecution and/or the campus conduct proceeding.
If you want to move, you may request a room change. Room changes under these circumstances are considered emergencies. It is NSU policy that in emergency room changes, the student is moved to the first available suitable room. If you want the accused student to move, and believe that you have been the victim of sexual misconduct, you must be willing to pursue a formal or informal university complaint. No contact orders can be imposed and room changes for the accused student can usually be arranged quickly. Other accommodations available to you might include:
Police are in the best position to secure evidence of a crime. Physical evidence of a criminal sexual assault must be collected from the alleged victim’s person within 72 hours, though evidence can often be obtained from towels, sheets, clothes, etc. for much longer periods of time. If you believe you have been a victim of a criminal sexual assault, you should immediately report to police, or if you choose not to report to law enforcement, go to the Hospital Emergency Room, before washing yourself or your clothing. The Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (a specially trained nurse) at the hospital is usually on call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (call the Emergency Room if you first want to speak to the nurse; ER will refer you). A victim advocate from the institution can also accompany you to Hospital and University Police can provide transportation. If a victim goes to the hospital, the appropriate law enforcement agency will be called, but s/he is not obligated to talk to the police or to pursue prosecution. Having the evidence collected in this manner will help to keep all options available to a victim, but will not obligate him or her to any course of action. Collecting evidence can assist the authorities in pursuing criminal charges, should the victim decide later to exercise it.
For the Victim: the hospital staff will collect evidence, check for injuries, address pregnancy concerns and address the possibility of exposure to sexually transmitted infections. If you have changed clothing since the assault, bring the clothing you had on at the time of the assault with you to the hospital in a clean, sanitary container such as a clean paper grocery bag or wrapped in a clean sheet (plastic containers do not breathe, and may render evidence useless). If you have not changed clothes, bring a change of clothes with you to the hospital, if possible, as they will likely keep the clothes you are wearing as evidence. You can take a support person with you to the hospital, and they can accompany you through the exam, if you want. Do not disturb the crime scene—leave all sheets, towels, etc. that may bear evidence for the police to collect.
No. The severity of the infraction will determine the nature of NSU’s response, but whenever possible NSU will respond educationally rather than punitively to the illegal use of drugs and/or alcohol. The seriousness of sexual misconduct is a major concern and the university does not want any of the circumstances (e.g., drug or alcohol use) to inhibit the reporting of sexual misconduct.
The use of alcohol and/or drugs by either party will not diminish the accused student’s responsibility. On the other hand, alcohol and/or drug use is likely to affect the complainant’s memory and, therefore, may affect the outcome of the complaint. A person bringing a complaint of sexual misconduct must either remember the alleged incident or have sufficient circumstantial evidence, physical evidence and/or witnesses to prove his/her complaint. If the complainant does not remember the circumstances of the alleged incident, it may not be possible to impose sanctions on the accused without further corroborating information. Use of alcohol and/or other drugs will never excuse a violation by an accused student.
Not unless there is a compelling reason to believe that prior use or abuse is relevant to the present complaint.
If you believe that you have experienced sexual misconduct, but are unsure of whether it was a violation of the institution’s sexual misconduct policy, you should contact NSU’s Student Affairs Administrative Office or NSU Police Department. NSU provides advisors who can help you to define and clarify the event(s), and advise you of your options.